Subsetting and selecting data

Let’s open a WRF model output file:

In [1]: import salem

In [2]: from salem.utils import get_demo_file

In [3]: ds = salem.open_xr_dataset(get_demo_file('wrfout_d01.nc'))

Let’s take a time slice of the variable T2 for a start:

In [4]: t2 = ds.T2.isel(Time=2)

In [5]: t2.salem.quick_map()
Out[5]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f99a2dfffa0>

Although we are on a Lambert Conformal projection, it’s possible to subset the file using longitudes and latitudes:

In [6]: t2_sub = t2.salem.subset(corners=((77., 20.), (97., 35.)), crs=salem.wgs84)

In [7]: t2_sub.salem.quick_map()
Out[7]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f99a2c1dbe0>

It’s also possible to use geometries or shapefiles to subset your data:

In [8]: shdf = salem.read_shapefile(get_demo_file('world_borders.shp'))

In [9]: shdf = shdf.loc[shdf['CNTRY_NAME'].isin(['Nepal', 'Bhutan'])]  # GeoPandas' GeoDataFrame

In [10]: t2_sub = t2_sub.salem.subset(shape=shdf, margin=2)  # add 2 grid points

In [11]: t2_sub.salem.quick_map()
Out[11]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f999aad57f0>

Based on the same principle, one can mask out the useless grid points:

In [12]: t2_roi = t2_sub.salem.roi(shape=shdf)

In [13]: t2_roi.salem.quick_map()
Out[13]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f999a044df0>


Maps can be pimped with topographical shading, points of interest, and more:

In [14]: smap = t2_roi.salem.get_map(data=t2_roi-273.15, cmap='RdYlBu_r', vmin=-14, vmax=18)

In [15]: _ = smap.set_topography(get_demo_file('himalaya.tif'))

In [16]: smap.set_shapefile(shape=shdf, color='grey', linewidth=3)

In [17]: smap.set_points(91.1, 29.6)

In [18]: smap.set_text(91.2, 29.7, 'Lhasa', fontsize=17)

In [19]: smap.visualize()
{'imshow': <matplotlib.image.AxesImage at 0x7f999a044ca0>,
 'contour': [],
 'contourf': []}

Maps are persistent, which is useful when you have many plots to do. Plotting further data on them is possible, as long as the geolocalisation information is shipped with the data (in that case, the DataArray’s attributes are lost in the conversion from Kelvins to degrees Celsius so we have to set it explicitly):

In [20]: smap.set_data(ds.T2.isel(Time=1)-273.15, crs=ds.salem.grid)

In [21]: smap.visualize(title='2m temp - large domain', cbar_title='C')
{'imshow': <matplotlib.image.AxesImage at 0x7f99a33f3eb0>,
 'contour': [],
 'contourf': []}

Reprojecting data

Salem can also transform data from one grid to another:

In [22]: dse = salem.open_xr_dataset(get_demo_file('era_interim_tibet.nc'))

In [23]: t2_era_reproj = ds.salem.transform(dse.t2m)

In [24]: assert t2_era_reproj.salem.grid == ds.salem.grid

In [25]: t2_era_reproj.isel(time=0).salem.quick_map()
Out[25]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f99a33f34f0>
In [26]: t2_era_reproj = ds.salem.transform(dse.t2m, interp='spline')

In [27]: t2_era_reproj.isel(time=0).salem.quick_map()
Out[27]: <salem.graphics.Map at 0x7f999ab2d1f0>